Pages 31-44: Cargo Handling On Board Chemical Tankers: Effect On Seafarers - An Empirical Study.

Sajith Babu


Increasing trends in accidents/ incidents on board Chemical tankers are a rising concern for the entire Chemical seaborne trade. IMO through its comprehensive International Conventions and Codes have provided an international standard for the safe carriage of chemical cargoes. Most of the shipping accidents are caused by human error. Even when the ISM code helps in establishing a safety culture, it is never fully attained unless the seafarer’s on-board work hand in hand with their respective shipping company or managers. Shipping companies finally ends up paying a heavy price due to the poor decision making of seafarer’s, which may directly or indirectly lead to a maritime casualty. It is highly common that seafarers working onboard chemical tankers will be carrying cargoes which they have never heard of or carried in the past. Even then, the seafarers are required to carry out all operations onboard very professionally and safely without compromising on the local and international rules and regulations. A thorough understanding of safety and health hazards and also about the emergency procedures is vital to all crew members directly involved with the operational part of the cargo carriage. This paper is based on an empirical study of day-to-day operations on board ships with the help of questionnaires and how seafarers can be practically guided on chemical tankers to safely handle cargo operations. The relationship between crew knowledge gained through studies and their work efficiency on board chemical tankers needs to be assessed. Valuable inputs from this study will turn out to be effective for various training techniques being developed. In future, advanced training tools using machine learning will be developed using the various end results from this study.


Chemical tanker, Incidents, Maritime casualty, Training


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